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Background Screening Glossary

By Tessera Data

The background screening industry, like any industry, comes with its own vernacular.

Check out these commonly used words, phrases, and acronyms to see how many you know, and bookmark this background screening glossary for future use.

AAMVA American Association Of Motor Vehicle Administrators
ACV AAMVAnet Code Dictionary
AFIS Automated Fingerprint Identification System
AICPA American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Alias False name used in substitution of a legal name on official documents and for official purposes. May also be noted as AKA (as known as) records. 
AO Administrative Office of The United States Courts
AOC Administrative Office of The Court
API Application Program Interface
Arbitration The hearing and settlement of a dispute between opposing parties by a third party whose decision the parties have agreed to accept. 
Arrest Warrant A written order of the court which is made on behalf of the state, or United States, and is based upon a complaint issued pursuant to statute and/or court rule and which commands a law enforcement officer to arrest a person. 
Assault Intentional or threatened infliction of injury to another. Aggregated classification is assignment when the injury is considered serious or when injury is threatened or carried out with the use of a deadly / dangerous weapon. Simple classification is assigned when the injury inflicted or threatened is not serious and a weapon is not used. 
ATF  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
Bankruptcy  Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. 
BOP  (Federal) Bureau of Prisons
BSAAP Background Screening Agency Accreditation Program  
CDLIS  Commercial Driver’s License Information System
CFPB Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 
Civil Case A case between private litigants concerning personal wrongs, generally where the losing party must compensate the prevailing party with money or other property. 
Concurrent Sentence Upon conviction for multiple crimes, a criminal sentence is served at the same time as another criminal sentence, rather than one after the other. 
Consecutive Sentence Upon conviction for multiple crimes, criminal sentences must be served one after the other, rather than at the same time.
Conviction The result of a criminal proceeding in which it is the judgment of the judge or jury that the accused is guilty of an offense. Often used to differentiate between one convicted of an offense or where one enters a plea of guilty on an offense charged. 
CPA Certified Public Accountant 
CPA Cost Per Acquisition
CRA Consumer Reporting Agency
Criminal Case A charge filed by a prosecutor against a defendant concerning violation of criminal law. The act of violating a criminal law is an offense against the community, not a private wrong
CSAT Customer Satisfaction
DCA DirectConnect API
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration   
Dismiss Termination of a case. The court may enter an order dismissing a case because the prosecuting attorney for the state may dismiss the matter for reasons such as lack of evidence, death of a witness, or because the matter is to be re-filed due to the original indictment being defective, etc. 
Disposition The act or the power of settling a matter finally; to bring something to its conclusion.
DMF Death Master File
DOB Date of Birth
DOC Department of Corrections
DOT  Department of Transportation
DPPA Driver’s Privacy Protection Act – A federal law that regulates how information from DMV records can be released and shared. The DPPA regulates how motor vehicle departments release driver records and vehicle records. The DPPA also regulates how a recipient of DMV records can share information with another party.
EEO Equal Employment Opportunity Act – Legislation which requires United States employers to provide equal employment opportunity to all persons regardless of ethnicity, gender or age.
Expunge Process by which the record of a criminal case is destroyed or sealed after expiration of time.
FCRA Fair Credit Reporting Act – The FCRA is a federal law designed to protect individuals, by promoting accuracy, fairness, and privacy of information in the files of every Consumer Reporting Agency (CRA).
Felony  A serious criminal offense for which the minimum sentence is one year.
Fine A monetary penalty, which may include forfeiture or penalty recoverable in a civil action, and in criminal convictions, maybe in addition to imprisonment.
FINRA Financial Industry Regulatory Authority 
FRS Flexible Research System
FTA Free Trade Agreement
HRBP Human Resources Business Partner
JSON JavaScript Object Notation
LOB Line of Business
LOE Level of Effort
LW Last Week
MSA Metropolitan Statistical Areas
MVR Motor Vehicle Record
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAPBS National Association of Professional Background Screeners
NCSC National Center for State Courts
NICS National Instant Background Check System
NODS National Open Court Data Standards
NSOR National Sex Offender Registry
OFAC  Office of Foreign Assets Control 
OIG Office of Inspector General
OKR  Objective & Key Results
OLA Operating Level Agreement
PBSA  Professional Background Screening Association
PII  Personal Identifying Information 
POC  Proof of Concept
QA Quality Assurance
SLA Service Level Agreement 
SOC System and Organization Controls 
SOR Sex Offender Registry 
SOW Statement of Work
SQL Sales Qualified Lead
SSA Social Security Administration
SSDI Social Security Death Index
SSN Social Security Number 
T&M  Time & Materials
TAM  Total Addressable Market 
TAT Turnaround Time
THD Trade House Data
WSDL Web Services Description Language
YOB Year of Birth 

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